Parents Guide to the Early Years.

Parents’ Guide to the
Early Years Foundation Stage Framework
Exciting times ahead for you and your child
What is the Early Years Foundation Stage?

Welcome to the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS), which is how the Government and early years professionals describe the time in your child’s life between birth and age 5.

This is a very important stage as it helps your child get ready for school as well as preparing them for their future learning and successes. From when your child is born up until the age of 5, their early years experience should be happy, active, exciting, fun and secure; and support their development, care and learning needs.

Nurseries, pre-schools, reception classes and childminders registered to deliver the EYFS must follow a legal document called the Early Years Foundation Stage Framework.

What is the EYFS Framework – why do we have one?

The EYFS Framework exists to support all professionals working in the EYFS to help your child, and was developed with a number of early years experts and parents. 

In 2020 the early adopter framework was produced to make it clearer and easier to use, with more focus on the things that matter most. This new framework also has a greater emphasis on our role in helping your child develop.

It sets out:

·         The legal welfare requirements that everyone registered to look after children must follow to keep your child safe and promote their welfare

·         The 7 areas of learning and development which guide professionals’ engagement with your child’s play and activities as they learn new skills and knowledge

·         Assessments that will tell you about your child’s progress through the EYFS

·         Expected levels that your child should reach at age 5, usually the end of the reception year; these expectations are called the “Early Learning Goals (ELGs)”

What does it mean for me as a parent?
Ensuring my child’s safety

Much thought has been given to making sure that your child is as safe as possible. Within the EYFS there is a set of welfare standards that everyone must follow. These include staff  ratios required in a nursery, hand things like administering medicines and carrying out risk assessments.


You can find out about the quality of our preschool by checking what the Government’s official inspection body for early years, Ofsted,has to say about it. You can find this information at

How my child will be learning

The EYFS Framework explains how and what your child will be expected to know at the end of the reception year. This document is available to view on our EYFS classes tab.

Your child will be learning skills, acquiring new knowledge and demonstrating their understanding through 7 areas of learning and development.

Children should mostly develop the 3 prime areas first. These are:

·         Communication and language;

·         Physical development; and

·         Personal, social and emotional development.

These prime areas are those most essential for your child’s healthy development and future learning. 

As children grow, the prime areas will help them to develop skills in 4 specific areas. These are:

·         Literacy;

·         Mathematics;

·         Understanding the world; and

·         Expressive arts and design. 

These 7 areas are used to plan your child’s learning and activities. The professionals teaching and supporting your child will make sure that the activities are suited to your child’s unique needs. This is a little bit like a curriculum in primary and secondary schools, but it's suitable for very young children, and it's designed to be really flexible so that staff can follow your child's unique needs and interests.

Children in the EYFS learn by playing and exploring, being active, and through creative and critical thinking which takes place both indoors and outside.

As a mum or dad or carer,  how can I help with my child’s learning?

All the fun activities that you do with your child at home are important in supporting their learning and development, and have a really long lasting effect on your child’s learning as they progress through school. 

For those of you with young babies, even when your child is very young and is not yet able to talk, talking to them helps them to learn and understand new words and ideas. If you make the time every day to do some of the following things with your child it will make a real difference to your child’s confidence as a young learner.

How can I find out how my child is getting on?

It is important that you and the professionals caring for your child work together. You need to feel comfortable about exchanging information and discussing things that will benefit your child. These conversations will be with your child’s “key person”. This is the person who:

  • Is your main point of contact within the setting
  • Helps your child to become settled, happy and safe
  • Is responsible for your child’s care, development and learning
  • Takes a careful note of your child’s progress, sharing this with you and giving you ideas as to how to help your child at home

At St Mary’s Pre-School your child will be allocated a key person but all the adults discuss all of the children so feel free to talk to anyone.  They will direct you to the right person if they cannot answer your question.  

Ordinarily, each term we offer an open session when you can come along and share learning time with your child .  In addition each time your child has been our focus child, you will be invited to meet with the teachers to talk about progress.  We will also write a report to help you understand the progress your child is making and what they need to improve.  Staff are also available everyday so...

...If you want to speak to us - just ask!

At St Mary’s Pre- School we record observations of children daily which we will share with you when you come in to meet with the teachers.  Also we will take photos (or the children will take photos) of remarkable moments which demonstrate progress.  These photos will go into your child’s learning journey and we will record what your child says about their learning.  You are welcome to see the learning journey at any time but please remember they only record special moments so don’t expect weekly updates! (see the information on Learning Journeys)